Over half of the money spent by Premier League clubs (£150m) came from the bottom five clubs – Everton, Norwich, Newcastle, Watford and Burnley. Last year the bottom five spent a total of £5m.
Dan Jones, partner and head of the Sports Business Group at Deloitte, said: “This transfer window indicates that the financial pressures of Covid on Premier League clubs are easing, with spending firmly back to pre-pandemic levels and remarkably among the highest we’ve ever seen in January.
“The Premier League continues to lead the way globally, retaining its status as the world’s biggest domestic football league in financial terms, once again supported by full stadia and securing strong overseas broadcast deals.”
Europe’s other top four leagues combined spent 380m euros (£317m), only £2m more than the Premier League and EFL combined.
Premier League clubs’ net spending (the cost of purchases minus sales) of £180m is the highest since the January transfer window was introduced in 2003.
What happened on deadline day?
Uruguay midfielder Rodrigo Bentancur joins Spurs for £15.9m (which could rise by £5m) and Antonio Conte’s side have paid an £8.3m loan fee for Sweden winger Dejan Kulusevski with an option to buy for £29.2m.
Record signing Tanguy Ndombele (Lyon), Bryan Gil (Valencia) and Giovani lo Celso (Villarreal) have all left on a temporary basis.
Newcastle signed Brighton’s Dan Burn for £13m and Aston Villa’s Matt Targett on loan to end an impressive month of recruitment.
Manchester City signed River Plate striker Julian Alvarez for £14.1m – although he will go back on loan to the Argentine club until the summer.
His Netherlands team-mate Donny van de Beek became Lampard’s first signing as Everton boss, completing a loan move from Manchester United, and Alli became his first permanent recruit on an initial free transfer.
Crystal Palace signed two strikers – Jean-Philippe Mateta, who had been on loan from Mainz, for £9m and £1m Luke Plange, who goes back on loan to old club Derby.
Brighton signed Royale Union Saint-Gilloise forward Deniz Undav for a reported £6m but loaned him back to the Belgian club.
Brentford made the first signing of the day when they recruited Denmark midfielder Christian Eriksen on a free transfer.
Championship promotion chasers Bournemouth were very busy with five signings. They signed Norwich midfielder Todd Cantwell, Liverpool defender Nat Phillips and Newcastle goalkeeper Freddie Woodman on loan, plus forwards Kieffer Moore and Siriki Dembele for undisclosed fees.
Other Premier League players to move to the second tier on loan were Tino Anjorin (Chelsea to Huddersfield), Jed Steer (Aston Villa to Luton) and Charlie Goode (Brentford to Sheffield United).
What happened in the rest of January?
Liverpool made the biggest signing of the window in England the day before deadline day, with Porto’s Colombia winger Luis Diaz joining in a deal worth 45m euros (£37.5m), with a further 15m euros (£12.5m) in potential bonuses.
Newcastle had already sealed a deal for Lyon’s Brazilian midfielder Bruno Guimaraes for £35m with £6.6m in add-ons, Burnley striker Chris Wood for £25m and Atletico Madrid and England right-back Kieran Trippier for £12m.
There were four other Premier League signings worth £10m or more.